175_NYRYB.p1

2016-17 New York Rangers Yearbook

Beginnings The current Garden - located between 31st and 33rd Streets and Seventh and Eighth Avenues on Manhattan’s West Side - is the fourth building (third site) to be named Madison Square Garden. Garden I was located at Madison Square: 26th Street and Madison Avenue. It was originally opened in 1874 (at a cost of $35,000) by the legendary P.T. Barnum as “Barnum’s Monster Classical and Geological Hippodrome.” However, it was soon renamed “Gilmore’s Garden” when the lease was auctioned off to bandmaster Patrick S. Gilmore (the term “Garden” was used often during this period to denote a place of public gathering and entertainment). The building, which had 28-foot walls without a roof, hosted a varied schedule of social and fraternal meetings, flower shows and commercial exhibitions. When Gilmore’s lease expired in 1878, it was picked up briefly by W. M. Tileson. The following year, William Vanderbilt of the New York Central Railroad assumed control of the facility and officially renamed it “Madison Square Garden” on May 31, 1879. Featuring a sports and entertainment program that stressed such events as boxing and the National Horse Show, Garden I stood until its demolition in 1889. Garden II was constructed on the site of Garden I, opening on Jun. 16, 1890 at a cost of $1.5 million. It contained an 8,000-seat main arena, 1,500-seat concert hall, 1,200-seat theatre and the world’s largest indoor swimming pool. The Spanish Renaissance-style structure was topped by its most famous feature: a 32-story tower and roof garden atop which stood Augustus Saint-Gauden’s gold statue of Diana, Goddess of the Hunt. Stanford White, the renowned architect who designed Garden II, also figured in its most famous - and infamous - event. On the night of Jun. 25, 1906, White was gunned down in the Garden’s rooftop garden by Pittsburgh millionaire Harry Thaw, allegedly in revenge for White’s longstanding affair with Thaw’s wife, showgirl Evelyn Nesbit. The White-Thaw-Nesbit love triangle was


2016-17 New York Rangers Yearbook
To see the actual publication please follow the link above